Helping to defend, enforce or calibrate objectives of individuals, communities or corporations in controversies, where German or European law may have an impact.

It is for my clients to decide whether they retain me as an impartial arbitrator, a neutral mediator or as a permanently loyal protector of their legitimate interests. Each of these three different functions exclude the other two from my work for the same client(s). Sometimes I get instructed for acting as a sole arbitrator for expedited decisions or as a trustee for mutually held shares. With a view towards my experience, insurers and other interested parties often wish me to monitor, comment and assess the likely outcome of ongoing disputes, in order to better evaluate their chances, irrespective of any business interests of their operational departments as well as those of other advisers and litigators. All these client-lawyer relationships are based on trust and loyalty and therefore indispensably require in every single case and throughout my subsequent work a sensitive analysis of forseeable conflict checks.

I shall decline instructions, where my competences may be or may perhaps only appear as insufficient or questionable. This may reduce my business volume, but I have reached a degree of independence, where I regard such voluntary self-restriction as a desirable protection.